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Translator's shelter (продолжение)
Семён: То бишь "Приют Переводчика". Тема для обсуждения переводов: 1) Проекта "Неоцен" на иностранные (от английского и немецкого до монгольского и квэньи) языки. 2) Иностранных проектов и книг соответственно на русский. 3) Обогащение лексикона сочными испанскими ругательствами и проч. Всех Михаилов Лозинских и Даниэлей Штайнов от биологии ласкаво просимо.
Ответов - 62, стр: 1 2 3 4 All
Медведь_жив!: Предлагаю перевести данную статью Кассандры Ривер и выложить её на сайт неоцена.
Медведь_жив!: valenok пишет: Этим словом обозначают половой акт, и вообще это глагол. Да? Извини, не знал? valenok пишет: И вообще: это шутка была - про ругательства! Сирьёзна, что ли?
Мех: Товарищи! А не перевести ли нам Снайад? =) Он, вроде, не такой уж и большой по сравнению с тем же Спеком.
Alex Sone2: Мех пишет: Товарищи! А не перевести ли нам Снайад? =) Он, вроде, не такой уж и большой по сравнению с тем же Спеком. У меня тоже такая мысль возникла. Может сначала спросить у Коземена?
Мех: Думаю, он не будет против %) А кто будет спрашивать? В принципе, могу и я, ибо всё равно собираюсь поделиться своими мыслями, но это ещё когда случится.
fanboyphilosopher: Я постараюсь, чтобы перевести некоторые главы
Автор: It would be great, but there may be any difficulties in translation via online translators, because of the structure of Russian language and the imperfection of translating programs.
fanboyphilosopher: True, but even if the translated grammar is imperfect, the words are usually correctly provided and generally easy to rearrange into grammatically-sound English sentences. for example, here is a translation of the charibda (Ichthyocharibda pelagica) I recently performed. Tell me if any of the information is incorrect. Charibda (Ichthyocharibda pelagica) Order: Pipefishes (Sygnathiformes) Family: Charibda fishes (Ichthyocharibdidae) Habitat: sea waters of The Southern hemisphere in areas of temperate and cold climate. Evolution can be compared to a kind of game, where on par with the rules and regularities is the element of chance. It is for this reason that among the inhabitants of earth can sometimes appear bizarre and extravagant creatures, adapted, however, to their habitats. One of these experiments in evolution is the North Atlantic Sea Wyvern (Vivernocampus titan) – a huge fish which is a descendant of the sea horse. In the Southern Hemisphere the whim of evolution has caused the appearance of another being, equally bizarre and distantly related to this species. The cold sea waters of the Southern hemisphere are inhabited by the charibda – a giant pelagic needle-shaped fish reaching the length of 3 meters with a thickness up to 20 cm. Despite its size, this fish is a very poor swimmer and is, in fact, technically plankton. The charibda slowly drifts in the current, very rarely approaching the coast. Only in severe storms these strange fish are thrown to the shore, where they are helpless and quickly die. The charibda in appearance resembles a snake, clad in a shell of bone rings. The shell’s scutes, however, are very thin, and on the lower side of the body they are even reduced. The buoyancy of the fish is provided by a fatty liver and a large amount of fat in the body. The weight of the fish is almost equal to that of water, and the charibda can easily maneuver in water. But its muscles are very weak and impregnated with fat, so the fish is unable to swim against the current. The spine of the fish is very flexible, so it can roll up into rings and knots, rubbing on its own body and getting rid of parasites. The tail is a little less than two thirds the length of the fish. Charibda fins are relatively small in size. The caudal fin is reduced to one short, thick spine. The dorsal fin is fan-shaped, with a strong fleshy base. This is the main propulsion of the fish; making undulating waves of the dorsal fin, the charibda can slowly move through the water column. Broad pectoral fins-also with strong bases-are turning rudders and help the fish keep its balance. The head of the charibda bears features characteristic to members of the order. The fish has movable large eyes which can be rotated in different directions. The snout is an elongated, conspicuous tube, with a small mouth at the end. The gill covers form a suction device. Abruptly uncovering them, the fish can draw in water as well as food items. The charibda feeds exclusively on planktonic organisms: jellyfish, salps, worms, and crustaceans. When feeding the fish sucks them in entirely, hence the name. The gills of young fish form a filter device, allowing them to pump in a large volume of water and suck in clusters of small animals: crustaceans and fish fry. The charibda is immune to the poison of jellyfish and planktonic starfish. The charibda has a soft colouring: silvery-gray with a greenish tinge; fins are transparent. Males and females do not differ in color. Charybda reproduction is confined to the spring. Males and females find each other by smell and a male wraps his tail around a female, waiting for her mature eggs. At this time he drives away rivals with his head. The fecundity of this species is very high: up to 150,000 eggs. The female lays her eggs in the male’s brood pouch and does not care for her offspring. The inner surface of the brood pouch is covered with villi, which grow through the blood vessels of the eggs and provide them with extra food. Juveniles break out of their eggs after 15-20 days and after another 2 days they leave the brood pouch. The length of the fry at the exit from the pouch is 3 mm. They passively float in the water and only eat prey which is in close proximity to the mouth. A significant proportion of young fish die before reaching even a the fifth of the length of an adult. Sexual maturity occurs in young fish at the age of 3-4 years; a lifetime is more than 50 years.
Автор: Ok, thank you for work. I'll check it sooner or later. Translation is the weak spot of the project, and because of it every kind of help is important. But I must say, I'll add the translation of the description when some more translations will be done - just to reach the usual volume of the addition to the project. Ok for you?
fanboyphilosopher: I'd love to add more translations, but it can take hours to get just one done. Nevertheless, I will try to work on as many as possible, maybe a couple a week? Also, I'm slowly but steadily translating the entirety of chapter 28. I'll probably post the finished work as a Microsoft word document.
Автор: Oh, you may work as you like. I think there is always anything else to add to the site. As for "Pirates of Caribbean Sea", I'd like to say something about the names of the animals described there: Astarotus (Astarotus diabolicus) - after the fallen angel Pike live-bearer (Sphyraenesia ferox) Lancemouth (Poecibelone angustignathus) - name is mentioned in some translated parts of the project. Flying live-bearer (Thoracilia volans) - maybe, any other English name? Acrobatic live-bearer, headstanding live-bearer (Algopoecilia acrobata) Whale-headed phytopoecilius (Phytopoecilius ceticephalus) Sea swift (Priapophyllum apodipterus) - maybe, swiftfish? Shark catfish (Arioselache carcharinomorphus) Sea spinach (Thalassolatucca crystallophylla)
fanboyphilosopher: Thank you, those names seems to line up with what I've translated. I also have another one-animal translation, this time the Zakolo spider (Zakolo saurophagus) Zakolo spider (Zakolo saurophagus) Order: Spiders (Sygnathiformes) Family: Jumping spiders (Salticidae) Habitat: Tropical forests of Africa. In the Neocene epoch the jumping spider family experienced an explosion of species. Among its representatives appeared relatively large species, which could partially replace wolf and tarantula spiders in tropical habitats, but have not parted with these spiders’ characteristics of speed and vagrant lifestyles. In the undergrowth of African tropical forests, and on the roots of large, mossy trees, lives one of the largest representatives of this family: the zakolo spider. This is a rather large spider with a body length of 7-8.5 cm, and a leg length of about 5 cm. The physique of the zakolo spider is quite massive: The cephalothorax is expanded and has a raised front, and the abdomen is relatively small (shorter than the cephalothorax), flattened, and with a rounded shape when viewed from above. The body of the female of this spider is brown with a few light spots at the front. A pair of big eyes look forward, providing great stereoscopic vision. They shine brightly and “glow” in the dark due to a layer of light-reflecting pigments. Two more pairs of small eyes are on the side of the cephalothorax, directed to the sides, as well as a pair of eyes looking back. The front pair of eyes are bordered by a white stripe that gives them the impression of eyes of an animal much larger. The pedipalps and the thickened base of the chelicerae are devoid of hairs, have a shiny surface, and are colored a bright red color. Claws at the end of the chelicerae are white, curved, and about 15 mm. The male zakolo spider differs from the female in smaller size (a length of about 3-4 cm, usually less), a gracile physique, and a different color. He has brown upper parts of the cephalothorax and abdomen, but the sides are gray. On the tips of the front pair of legs he has a noticeable white ribbon edged with red hairs. During his “dance” in front of a female he holds his front legs lifted upwards and outwards, showing these signals to the female. His chelicerae and pedipalps are also bright red and lack hairs. The zakolo spider attacks small vertebrates, or rarely large arthropods. Most often, it attacks small lizards; its bite kills prey within 10 seconds. In larger vertebrates the zakolo’s poison causes painful swelling. The spider prefers to hunt by jumping on prey from above: from tree roots or the branches of young, low trees. This species is diurnally active; at nights it builds a temporary shelter, weaving together several large dried leaves with a few threads. The breeding season for this species is not emphasized, but in areas with seasonally dry climates most juvenile are common in the wet season. The female lays about 30 relatively large eggs and wears them with her in a cocoon of cobwebs. The male often flees after mating, but sometimes it becomes a victim of the female. Spiderlings appear within 10 days and are immediately cared for by the female. For the first few days they sit on their mother’s back and eat part of her prey by sucking up the victim’s tissue dissolved by the female’s poison. Gradually the spiderlings leave their mother and live independently. The most recent spiderlings leave their mother after their first molt. The first 3 molts occur every month, the following 4 are once a month and a half, and the eighth molt is two months after the previous one. After that, the growth of the spider stops and all the body’s resources are spent on reproduction. The female has time to bear up to three broods. The idea about the existence of this species was proposed by Nick, the forum member.
fanboyphilosopher: Velvet poison-bearer (Venenophorus holosericum) Order: Euonychophora (Euonychophora) Family: Diverse-legged peripatopsids (Heteroperipatopsidae) Habitat: north of Meganesia, rainforests. In the age of people there lived in New Guinea the Onychophora family of peripatopsids, which was characterized by reproduction by egg-laying. Their Neocenic descendants form a seperate family of diverse-legged peripatopsids, which is characterized by uneven development and the specialization of adhesive glands. One of the two adhesive glands (the left) has become a poisonous gland emitting a powerful nerve poison of viscous consistency, while the right remains a “glue gun” as at ancestral forms. The walking legs of diverse-legged peripatopsids have also undergone some changes, differing from the feet of ancestral forms that retain approximately the same structure along the entire length of the body. The two pairs of front legs of these animals were drawn together; they are elongate and grasping. In a calm state, they collapse into a spiral and are not involved in movement. The front part of the body when moving is slightly raised above the substrate. These strange creatures move in two ways: by reductions of their skin-muscle bag (for hunting grubs in the soil) or by folding up like a leech or inchworm, when hunting for termites on the bark of trees. Following the hunting legs are two pairs of legs which have become very powerful and tenacious, their tips developing into horny claws. These legs form the front “attachment disk.” Several pairs of legs, following the front walking ones, are reduced, and next to them are lung bags. The last 4 pairs of legs had also undergone specialization: the last pair of legs became a cutting scoop, the penultimate were lengthened and turned into a kind of antennae, and the remaining two pairs of legs formed the rear attachment disk and gained strong claws. The body length of the velvet poison-bearer reaches 10 cm. This animal looks like the caterpillar of some butterflies, but differs from them in its manner of movement. The underside of the animal is creamy white, and the top is red with a violet hue. The animal leads a nocturnal life and is only found in the day time in wet weather, after a rain. In case of danger the velvet poison-bearer lifts up the front part of its body, spreading its trapping limbs and moving them in the air. In this case, the white body is visible in the low light of night. If this warning does not force the enemy to retreat, the animal splashes onto it a jet of poison, determining the direction of the “shot” by smell and movement in the air. This poison is very dangerous for animals with thin skin: predatory snails, amphibians, and small reptiles. Prolonged exposure to the poison can kill terrestrial arthropods (ingested into the body through the trachea or cuticles in the joints of the feet). For larger reptiles with thick scales, birds, or mammals the poison is dangerous if it gets into the eyes, nostrils, or mouth. In the forests of northern Meganesia a close species lives: the drill poison-bearer (Venenophorus militaris), which behaves differently: it is a social species, forming clusters of a few dozen individuals. The body length of this species is much less: no more than 4 cm. Its body is colored a pale pearlescent pink. Drill poison-bearers creep in “caravans”, as some caterpillars of butterflies, keeping track of a creeping individual in front. Their main prey: termites. These velvet worms look for the termite trails in the undergrowth, and their perianal scrapers break through the roof of the gallery and they begin to hunt for working individuals. If they are attacked by soldier termites, the animals glue their legs with sprays of glue and eat the immobilized insects. Also, these animals are not afraid of ants and often feed near their trails. The drill poison-bearer’s sticky liquid is used for primitive forms of construction: they often make a shelter, sticking to the ground the leaf of a plant, or rolling it in half with the underside on the inside. This shelter always provides the optimum microclimate. This species of invertebrate was discovered by Korshin D.E., a member of the forum.
fanboyphilosopher: Floridian big-tongued lamprey (Glossolampetra heliciphaga) Order: Lampreys (Petromyzodontiformes) Family: Northern lampreys (Petromyzodontidae) Habitat: Florida, coast of Gulf of Mexico, Cuba and Great Antigua. During the ice age at the boundary of the Holocene and Neocene the habitats of many representatives of cold-water flora and fauna extended further from the poles into the lower latitudes. At the end of the ice age the fates of species distributed during glaciation have developed indifferent ways: some retreated to the poles and became extinct in warmer climates, while others remained in the separate “shelters” of mountain ranges, while others have adapted to the warming and have become one of the components of the new subtropical or even tropical flora and fauna. One species of a small group of lampreys represents this kind of polar component in the tropical fauna of central and southern North America. This species, the Floridian big-tongued lamprey, flourishes thanks to an unusual feeding specialization. The Floridian big-tongued lamprey is a small animal: the body length of an adult is about 15 cm. The mouth of the lamprey is a soft, round sucker ring with rows of small teeth. Also at this species there is a powerful tongue with large hooked corneous teeth, capable of extending far ahead of his mouth. This is due to the nature of the animal’s food: the Floridian big-tongued lamprey feeds on snails. She sticks her mouth to the cochlea, expands her mouth over the mouth of the shell, and deeply thrusts into the shell her tongue, and in one motion hooks and pulls the body of the mollusk out of its shell. After this the snail is swallowed whole and the shell is left intact. This species does not stick to living fish and only occasionally scrapes the meat of dead animals. Unlike many lampreys, the Floridian big-tongued lamprey is colored quite vividly: on a pale yellow background brown spots of irregular shape merge into traverse bands separated by areas without spots. On fins small black specks are scattered. Usually this animal burrows among plants or sunken leaves. The Floridian big-tongued lamprey shows the most activity at dusk. This species inhabits fresh and marine waters, easily withstanding considerable desalination. In the mangroves there are large individuals up to 20 cm long. With the ability to live in seawater this species is widely spread throughout the tropical waters of southern North America and the Caribbean. Reproduction of the Floridian big-tongued lamprey occurs in fresh water. Because of this small islands, where there are not enough productive rivers, are a barrier to the dispersal of this species into South America. Before spawning the coloration of lampreys greatly changes: spots on the body merge into distinct transverse bands, the back darkens and a distinct black border appears on the fins. The lampreys stop feeding and their bowels begin to degenerate. Adults ascend the rivers and spawn in areas with soft ground and slow flow. The larval stage lasts up to 5 years. The ammocoetes eat mud and the rotting remains of small animals.
fanboyphilosopher: Stripe-billed tucanops (Tucanops dimorphus) Order: Cuckoos (Cuculiformes) Family: Cuckoos (Cuculidae) Habitat: tropical forests of Northern Meganesia. In most cases, human activity led to a worsening of the situations of species of wildlife. But some species have learned from this many benefits, among them the large Channel-billed cuckoo (Scythrops novaehollandiae), adapted to life in modified human habitats. After the disappearance of people it became the descendant of an unusual bird, similar to a toucan: the stripe-billed tucanops that inhabits tropical northern Meganesia and around Arafura Lake and Lake Carpentaria. This species is one of the largest representatives of cuckoos: its wingspan is up to 80 cm, and its weight is about 1 kg. The bird has elongated pointed wings and a fan-shaped tail. In the color and size of species of birds is clearly pronounced sexual dimorphism. The male of this species is larger, bright and contrasting colored. The female is smaller (adult weight of about 800 g) and much more modestly colored. The plumage of the male mostly black, the ends of the feathers are white, the back is red. The area around the eyes of the male is covered with white feathers. The plumage of the female is brownish black with ripples. A characteristic feature of the appearance of these birds is a very large, tall, laterally compressed beak filled with light spongy bone tissue. On the male’s beak there is a horny ridge along the top side of the upper mandible. The coloring of the beak of the male is lemon-yellow with a red base, the female’s is a dull yellow. On the sides of the beak at the male and the female stretches several slanted strokes of black color, contrasting with the background color of the beak. The stripe-billed tucanops is an exclusively carnivorous bird. This species feeds on small mammals, birds, reptiles and large insects. Like its ancestor, this species is a brood parasite. A pair forms for several breeding seasons and controls a territory of 4 - 5 square kilometers at which the nests of species feed the juveniles of this cuckoo. Stripe-billed tucanops keep in the upper layer of the forest, without going down to the ground. A population of this species lives in mangrove forests separating the Arafura Lake from the ocean. A pair of birds keep contact with each other, calling to each other in loud shrill voices. For breeding this species uses the services of various species of birds of medium and large size, including corvids. A pair of these birds puts in their nest up to 20 eggs per season, laying one egg a day. At this parental care does not end: a pair of these birds controls the territory where the eggs are laid, and expels from the territory of large birds of prey, which may threaten the foster parents of the chicks of this species. Also, these birds can attack wood mammals like cuscus and rats, who would ruin nests. At the appearance of these large predators the birds raise a collective alarm and harass them around the head with a team of bird flocks. The nestlings of stripe-billed tucanopses develop very fast for such a large bird and hatch on the 12th day of incubation. They immediately throw out of the nest eggs and chicks of other, remaining the sole object of parental care. After 3 months, they are fully developed and have feathers. Juvenile plumage of this species gray with black flight feathers, identical for birds of both sexes. The beak has a brown color, black smears on it are not yet visible. After 2 months of independent living the young bird molts and acquires plumage characteristic for adult birds. Sexual maturity comes at the age of 6 months. By this time a young male grows a horny crest on the beak. The idea about the existence of this species was proposed by Tim Morris, Adelaide, Australia.
fanboyphilosopher: slight correction: when I was describing the tucanops's plumage, instead of "the ends of the feathers are white", it should say "the ends of the primary feathers are white".
fanboyphilosopher: Multicolored tufted crestbill (Cristoctenops polychromus) Order: Passerine birds (Passeriformes) Family: Crestbills (Ctenorhampidae) Habitat: Zinj Land, tropical forests. The Neocaenic family of crestbills is endemic to Zinj Land and is represented primarily by small and medium-sized forest birds. In this family several genera are in the natural group "paradise crestbills", among which are various types of different developments of bright colors and ornaments of feathers. Representatives of tufted crestbills develop on the head an erect or movable crest, supplementing the growth on the upper mandible typical of the family. The multicolored tufted crestbill is one of the most colorful-looking members of the group. It is a bird the size of a small daw with plumage which combines several bright colors. The head of the male of this bird is painted in a charcoal black color with a greenish metallic sheen. Against this backdrop stands out the iris of the eye with a white or bluish color. The bird's beak and rounded horny outgrowth on the upper mandible are white. The outgrowth on the upper mandible is complemented by a thick black tuft on the crown and nape, the edge of which continues to the edge of the outgrowth. The back of the neck, back and wings of the male are colored bright green with a spotty pattern, which is formed by the brownish tips of feathers. The front part of the neck is lemon-yellow with a white bottom edge. The belly and under the tail of the bird is crimson-red; the tail is white. The female of this species is colored much more modestly: it is a dull green with a white throat and a black head. The beak and growth on her upper mandible are dark gray. This species feeds mainly on small fruits and seeds, but often pecks insects crawling on plants. A courting male utters a loud buzzing trill, sitting on a branch and leaves without showing itself. The female behaves secretly and her special cry reports to the male her presence. Hearing the cry, the male begins courtship displaying, dancing and bouncing on a branch with his wings spread. At that he shakes his head and fluffs yellow feathers on his neck. The male of this species is not involved in the construction of the nest. His role in the preparation of nesting is reduced solely to fertilizing the female, but it is usually paired with only one female. This is due to the fact that after the start of the nesting the male takes care of a certain female. He collects insects and puts them in a special sublingual pouch that can be stretched. The male keeps on the edge of the nesting territory of the female and from time to time beckons her, uttering a particular sound. The female briefly flies off of the nest, flies to the male and receives a portion of the collected insects. She also comes while rearing offspring. Due to this feature a couple can bring up a brood of 7 - 8 chicks: more than that of other small crestbills. The juvenile plumage of young birds looks like the color of the female’s plumage, but males have darker heads. As the crest of the male grows to sexual maturity, at the same time his plumage acquires multiple colors. Sexual maturity comes at the age of 11 - 13 months; a lifetime is approximately 8 years.
Автор: fanboyphilosopher пишет: Multicolored tufted crestbill (Cristoctenops polychromus) And now all six of your translated descriptions are added to the project. Some corrections had been made, but in general I love the quality of translations. Thank you!
fanboyphilosopher: thank you for your adding my translations. I'm surprised the usual translation volume is as small as six. Mephistopheles’ toad (Bufo mephisto) Order: Tailless Amphibians (Anura) Family: Toads (Bufonidae) Habitat: Philippines, riverbanks and thickets of large herbaceous plants. In the human epoch a significant number of amphibian species became extinct due to habitat destruction and pollution. But some species due to human activities have greatly expanded their range, which gave them an advantage at the end of the era of man. Such species include the cane toad (Bufo marinus), which from the tropics of the New World settled around the world and has successfully taken root in places where it was not previously encountered. The efforts of people to exterminate this amphibian mostly proved unsuccessful. At the end of the global environmental crisis in different parts of the world there have been numerous descendants of this amphibian. One The Philippine Islands is found Mephistopheles’ toad - a large toxic species of amphibians. The body length of this animal is more than 30 cm and its weight is up to 2.5 - 3 kg (female larger than the male). This is a massive short-legged animal: Mephistopheles’ toad cannot jump, but quickly walks "in a trot" and even runs "at a gallop" - the only thing that remains of her ability to jump. The appearance and color of this species is very recognizable. On the head of Mephistopheles’ toads grow hornlike thickenings over the eyes, which determined the name of the animal. The males are larger, and in the mating season also become bright orange, noticeable to potential rivals. The main body color is brown with bright red spots, the largest of which is located on the lower back and sides, like a saddle. At different subspecies coloring and pattern vary. The subspecies B. m. diabolicus north of the Philippine archipelago differs in a black background color with a lot of small white spots and white fingertips. At the southern subspecies, B. m. cernunos “horns" over the eyes double, and the skin is brown with small red dots. At the subspecies B. m. tuberculata from the sea coast of the southern Philippine archipelago the growths over the eyes are blunted, and on the skin of the parotid glands there are many outgrowths. The locally restricted subspecies B. m. satanas inhabits a small island on the southern coast. He has a very large size (weight up to 4 kg) and is a major predator on the island. It is characterized by brown color with red spots scattered mainly on the sides, and very large triangular growths on the eyes. All subspecies of Mephistopheles’ toads have a light belly, the color of which varies from white to lemon yellow. These toads are predators that feed on small vertebrates. The jaws of the animal are shortened and strong and the snout is blunt. Mephistopheles’ toad ambush hunts small rodents and reptiles, and may eat a chick or a large insect. Near rivers, these frogs attack ground crabs and crush their shells with their jaws. The subspecies B. m. satanas is able to eat a bird the size of a pigeon and replaces on his island absent small predators. It is possible that competing species of predatory mammals were ousted by these amphibians and died out. The main hunting method of these sluggish animals is an ambush. Mephistopheles’ toad usually hides in the forest floor, often near water. Disguised, it is buried in the ground about halfway and threw on itself leaves and pieces of bark. The most actively this toad hunts is in the afternoon, when the heat of the day subsides, but it is not yet very cool. Some individuals remain active at dusk and in the early hours of the night, when small mammals leave their shelters. At this species there are not natural enemies among large vertebrates, as Mephistopheles’ toad is poisonous, as its ancestor. The main part of the poison is contained in large parotid glands, but the poison is also produced by numerous skin glands. A captured toad strongly swells, utters loud gurgling sounds and "sweats", releasing the abundant poison glands of the skin. In addition, it can bite the enemy with strong jaws. This amphibian’s poison is its primary means of protection. Only eggs are vulnerable to predators (some of which even eat the tadpoles of this species), and the poison of the tadpole begins to produce an hour after hatching. For a while the tadpoles completing metamorphosis, as well as young toads, just having left the water are deprived of poison - this is due to the peculiarities of the physiological processes accompanying the restructuring of the animal. A few days after the completion of metamorphosis poison again starts to be developed in sufficiently protective quantities. The breeding season of this species stretches over six months during the rainy season. At this time males occupy shallow water and compete in the volume of their voice. The courtship song of Mephistopheles’ toads is like the trill of birds, but continuous, monotone and drab. Fertility is up to 50 - 80 thousand eggs, incubation lasts 3 - 4 days. Tadpoles feed on microscopic algae, developing for about 10 weeks. Maturity of this species occurs at half a year of age, and the lifespan is 18 - 20 years. The idea of the existence of this species of amphibians is proposed by Nick, the forum member.
fanboyphilosopher: Giant Fourseas soliphuga (Galeodes tetramarina) Order: Soliphuges (Solifugae) Family: Galeodids (Galeodidae) Habitat: Fourseas area, zone of coastal thickets; forest areas at the west and south-west of area. At the boundary of Holocene and Neocene inland seas in Eurasia have undergone drastic changes. During the ice age the seas dried up, replaced by deserts, and after the melting of glaciers the seas returned to form a large brackish body of water - Fourseas. In a corresponding manor the composition of the fauna has changed. Some species from arid zones have adapted to living in the new environment, and among them - the giant Fourseas soliphuga, a descendant of the Trans-Caspian solifuge (Galeodes caspius). Its ancestors adapted to life on the steppes, learning to occupy strangers’ holes, which was important in the dry climate of the glacial epoch. This is a very large species of arachnid - the length of the body without limbs reaches 10 cm. The Cephalothorax is gray, the abdomen is black with a longitudinal red stripe. Limbs are gray, with darker tips. The entire body is covered with dense hairs, on the limbs the hairs are sparse and longer, performing tactile functions. A distinctive feature of the giant Fourseas soliphuga is very large chelicerae, vaguely resembling the claws of some crabs. This species feeds on large arthropods (including their own kind), and occasionally small vertebrates (mice, shrews, young lizards and snakes). The Chelicerae are able to break beetle armor or defrock the bones of bodies of small lizards or snakes. In case of danger the animal raises on the two rear pairs of legs and widely spreads apart its front legs. At the same time the chelicerae open, and claws are folded. This species can issue chirping, rubbing its chelicerae against one another. This species leads a nocturnal life, hiding during the day in the burrows of small animals or other shelters, which are converted to suit its needs. In burrows this animal also hibernates, demonstrating a strong attachment to the chosen habitats. To the east and north-east of its range the animal digs special wintering holes to the depth of a meter, beginning under a rock and going down vertically. The giant Fourseas soliphuga lives in a seasonal climate, and therefore its reproduction has a clearly pronounced seasonal nature. This species breeds in August (in the western and south-western parts of its range earlier), with mating behavior resembling that of scorpions - male and female for some time crawl, having linked chelicerae and pedipalps. The female lays up to 30 eggs under rocks in a special chamber whose walls are reinforced with stones. Young solifuges hatch after hibernation in the spring, shortly after the convergence of snow in the northern part of the area, and in the south - about the middle of March. This species has a large life expectancy - about 10 years, reproducing in the second year of life. This species of spider was discovered by Nick, the forum member.
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